If you have symptoms such as mobility problems, knee or spine pain, morning stiffness in your limbs, it may be time for you to become interested in your own joints. These unpleasant and painful ailments can not only make everyday life difficult for you, but even lead to dangerous diseases.
Joint pain is usually the result of developing rheumatic disease, commonly referred to as rheumatism. Under this well-known term, however, there are over 100 diseases. Despite the fact that they differ in the way of treatment, the causes that cause them and the symptoms combine them – the sooner they are correctly diagnosed, the more chances are there for full healing and leading a fully independent life.
To be able to enjoy the proper condition of the joints, attention should be paid to appropriate prophylaxis. The key issue here is a healthy diet tailored to the needs of your body, as well as physical activity. Complementing the healthy and rich diet are supplements and multivitamin preparations. The basic issue is their wise choice – they should be of the highest quality, made exclusively of natural ingredients.
With joint diseases, you can fight effectively, and if diagnosed and treated in good time, they will not leave a lot of havoc in our body. In many cases, it is enough to change the lifestyle, reduce stimulants such as coffee, which flushes out magnesium and phosphorus, and regularly take the already mentioned dietary supplements composed to best support our movement system. Wisely composed supplements, whose task is to support bone regeneration are rich in glucosamine and chondroitin – building materials, thanks to which we can maintain good condition of articular cartilage and adequate supply of synovial fluid in the joints. They naturally occur in tendons, ligaments and joints, positively affecting their performance as well as endurance. Another important component of an effective supplement should be collagen in a non-denatured form, because it takes part in the process of cartilage regeneration, ensuring its elasticity and preventing its destruction. For proper synthesis of connective tissue, from which joints are built, there are also Vitamin C and D, which allow absorption of calcium and phosphorus by the body. These are the main, but obviously not the only components of properly composed supplements. In order to effectively protect our motor system, care should be taken not only about adequate supplementation, but also change the lifestyle to more active and try to reduce the body weight, which will cause that we will significantly relieve it.
Popular arthritis is a term for many joint and bone diseases, doctors distinguish over 200 of their types. However, the two most important are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, followed by, among others, gout or arthritis, lupus and Reiter’s syndrome called reactive arthritis.
Although we can not unequivocally point to the cause of these diseases, there are theories that their sources may include obesity, hereditary burden, past injuries or a long exercise of the same monotonous movements.
The most common disease of the musculoskeletal system is without a doubt RA, or rheumatoid arthritis. Over 21 million people worldwide suffer from this disease, and in Poland alone it is about 400,000, two thirds of which are women. There is a perception that this is a disease that affects only elderly people, but it turns out that an increasing number of cases are reported among people aged between 30 and 50 years of age. It is estimated that in Poland, after 2 years from diagnosis, every third patient is not able to work, and the average life expectancy of a person with RA is shorter by 3-7 years, while patients with severe rheumatoid arthritis can live shorter by up to 10 -15 years. The course of the disease is extremely difficult to predict, it is even said that how many patients, so many forms of RA. Treatment is difficult because rheumatoid arthritis is considered a chronic autoimmune disease, which means that the body’s immune system misidentifies its own tissues as foreign. The disease goes through periods of exacerbation and remission. It attacks the whole body and often leads to disability or even death. The greatest loss in efficiency is already noted during the first two years after the diagnosis of the disease.
Effective treatment primarily requires interference with the immune system. The main goal, however, is to keep the patient as long as possible during the remission period. An important role in treatment is also played by the moment of starting the appropriate treatment. The later diagnosed disease, the more difficult it is to fully heal it, and changes arising in the states may be irreversible.
Another particularly common disease of the joints is degeneration also called arthrosis, that is premature wear of cartilage, and as time passes also other elements of the joint – bones, tendons, ligaments and synovium. Arthrosis covers all tissues and leads to softening, defect of articular cartilage, hardening and thickening of bone tissue, formation of osteophytes and pseudocysts. This disease primarily affects people in old and middle age, but it can not be excluded in younger age groups. It is estimated that arthrosis affects almost 4% of people aged 18-24 and as much as 85% in the oldest age group 75-79, which is considered a civilization disease. Artroza develops over the years, initially without any symptoms. Later, we can meet with very strong joint pain, stiffness and swelling, which make it impossible to perform even the simplest activities. Almost half of the patients lose not only the possibility of professional activity but also independent functioning. The incomplete knowledge of factors causing arthritis causes that its treatment in the primary phase consists only in combating the symptoms of the disease, first of all reducing the pain. In a secondary disorder, preventive treatment plays a very important role, which can significantly minimize the risk of degenerative changes or reduce the rate of their development.
- Symptoms of RA can be divided into joint, extralegal and general.
1. The joint symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis are: pain, swelling, feeling of morning stiffness
During the exacerbation of the disease, the joints are swollen and very painful when moving, touching and resting. The skin over the sick places is red and warmer than over the healthy places. It is also characteristic of the feeling of morning stiffness consisting of the difficulty of fully stretching or bending the affected joint disease.
2. Extra-articular symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis:
In the course of RA, there may also be symptoms from other organs or systems, eg skin, heart and vessels, lungs, kidneys, nervous system. Gastrointestinal symptoms are the most common complication of aggressive pharmacological treatment.
3. General symptoms:
One of the most common symptoms of the active form of the disease is fever or low-grade fever, resulting from inflammation that affects the entire body. Patients often feel tired and have reduced ability to make the effort.
Joint diseases are also often accompanied by other symptoms such as:
- feeling of deep fatigue
- loss of appetite and weight loss
- persistent subfebrile state, fever, increased sweating during the night
- rigidity of the movement system